POLICE IT+

POLICE IT

Given the spread of the organization such as the Karnataka State Police, dependency on the technology to solve major crimes, information requirement for analysis and strategic decision making has grown from compiling information on the paper and filing into physical files to the present day storing of information in the digital format. The task of searching the required information from various offices distributed across the network, files, hard disks, compact disk is even more daunting and counter-productive in terms of the investment of time, manpower and other resources.

Police IT project aims at providing an end to end solution to all police requirements. Police IT was conceived with a view to provide an Enterprise Level Solution to the department. Government accorded sanction for procuring hardware, developing software and to providing connectivity. M/s Wipro Ltd. was awarded with the contract for developing comprehensive software for the department. The police leaders had the vision to imagine of a comprehensive software application which would cover from Traffic module to MIS and from Crime to Control Room module Initiated in the year 2004, it is in its final stages of completion. In its conceptualization, creation and roll out, it would have a pioneering impact in the way police in India would go digital in the days to come.

The successful completion of this project would take the police to much higher level of efficiency, near total transparency, all mechanical work would become redundant, more human resources would be available for core tasks, better investigation, qualitative change in planning, split second communication, perfect documentation/retrieval, no alibi as the application is role based, need based passage of information on the Website/press/individuals, tracking of incidents/facts/details would be flawless etc. All reports would automatically get created and official documentation/messaging/meetings/training etc. would move on to the digital mode.


Salient Features

• Multi User & BI Lingual Application
• Role Based Access controlled Application
• Web based Workflow management system which manages the workflow between different offices users
• Deployable over Intranet and Internet.
• Provides Webservices which gives XML based result for External Application Interface.
• Centralized Implementation Architecture
• Based on Dot Net Framework Technology from Microsoft
• Developed in ASP.Net with MS-SQL as Backend.
• Reporting using Crystal Reports and uses Adobe PDF format for Report transmission.


The Police IT application has 12 modules in all. They are

1. Crime
2. Law Order
3. Finance
4. Armed Reserve
5. Forensic Science Laboratory (FSL)
6. Stores
7. Administration
8. Motor Transport
9. Wireless
10. Traffic
11. Training
12. Management Information System (MIS)


Key features of the modules:

Crime

• Crime Investigation covering 7 CCIS forms from FIR to Result of Appeal
• Process of UDR, Missing person’s cases/Unidentified Dead bodies
• Information related to BCR (A)(B), parole verification etc.
• Online requests to FSL and FPB
• Automatic generation of Crime Registers, MOB, HS and all Statistics


Law and Order

• Station House Diary
• Beat information, Duty Assignment
• Arms assignment
• Process Register
• Process Involving Registration of Foreigners


Traffic

• Information related to Road Accidents, causalities
• Traffic enforcement details like Police Notice and Spot Fine
• Information related to condition of Roads, accident prone areas etc.,
• Data capturing and reports per the formats specified by KSHIP
• Automatic generation of all Traffic Related Reports


Administration

• Information related to Service particulars of employees like promotions, postings, rewards, leave, departmental enquiry, annual property returns quarters allotment etc.
• Automatic generation of all reports


Finance

• Budget process covering allocation, allotment, re-appropriation and surrender
• Billing process
• Cheque receipts and disbursement procedures
• Information related to Lent establishment- billing and demands
• Online submission of TA and other expenditure bills


Stores

• Procurement process-Indent, Tender, Quotation, Negotiation and purchase order
• Inspection, distribution of items, condemnation process, details of Government property
• Automatic generation of registers


Motor Transport

• Information related to all police vehicles, Vehicle History Sheet, Accident Details, Fuel Consumption details, Driver details etc.
• Process involved from purchase of a vehicle till its condemnation
• Workshop and petrol bunk details
• Drivers data
• Automatic generation of various reports


Training

• Course and subjects scheduling
• Nominations to various courses
• Trainee attendance
• Trainee assessment information
• Library management


Armed Reserve

• On line requests for deployment of forces
• Assignment of Arms
• Allotment of specific duties like Guard Duty, Orderlies, Prisoners Escorts etc.
• Issue of duty passports
• Orderly room procedures
• Target practice (Shooting)
• Maintenance of officers dairies


Wireless / Control Room

• In and Out messaging process
• Control room activities
• Automatic generation of required reports


FSL

• Online registration requests
• Process involving Registration of cases in FSL
• Case assignment, intra-sectional transfer of case details
• Recording of observation, generating certificates, observation sheets and statistics
• Approval process
• Court duty maintenance, equipment utility, ammunition and scene of crime visit details
• Implemented in FSL in the year 2006. Functioning smoothly
• With the help of this software, some of the divisions in FSL are generating certificate of opinion on the same day, hence saving the time of the expert as well as the IO

GCARE+

GCARE (GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM BASED CRIME ANALYSIS AND REPORTING ENGINE)

G-CARE is a web based application for State Crime Records Bureau, Karnataka State Police. Since it is web based, the application is accessible from any location.

The application uses Arc GIS maps and Police IT database. The objective of this application is to retrieve information easily to analyze the crime situation. This in turn helps easy and fast decision making at district/ Range/ Compol / Division police officers concerning sub divisions or circles or police stations. The application mainly focuses on statistics, graphical and map representation of tabular crime statistics details.

The advantage of web based application is that, police personnel at any location or at any hierarchy can access the application and query the data. The application helps to reduce human thinking/processing to generate the report as the application fetches data from the Police IT database. The application displays results based on user queries/inputs.

GCARE allows viewing of all police station boundaries, their subsequent circles and subdivisions up to the district level along with important Roads, Settlement Locations, Police station locations, Villages, Water Bodies, and Railway Stations etc.

Police personnel can view the hot spots to identify the spot of repeated occurrences of particular crime(s) over a district boundary. User can select a particular village on the map or through the drop down list and can query the Population, Literacy rate, Number of males/females…as per Census data.


The application caters to 2 aspects:

1. Crime analysis
• Crime Density Analysis
• Heinous Crime Analysis
• Crime Pattern Analysis
• Automobiles Crime
• Property Vs. Crime
• Road Accidents
• Date and/or Year wise Crime
• Hot Spot analysis

2. Village analysis
• Population Density
• Population Literacy
• Voters
• Village Classification
• Village Sensitivity
• Disaster Susceptibility
• Polling Booths (Sensitive, Hyper-sensitive, Normal)
• Religious Festival (Jathras)

E-BEAT+

E-BEAT

The principal functions of the police are prevention and detection of crime. Prevention must necessarily take precedence over detection. Intimate knowledge of the conditions prevailing in the station jurisdiction and of the movements and doings of criminals are conditions precedent to the successful prevention of crime. To gain such knowledge, an efficient beat system is a primary necessity


The existing beat system comprised of the following components:

1. Police Station Jurisdiction area called as Beat
2. Conspicuous locations within such area called as Beat Point
3. The Beat Constable
4. The Beat Book
5. The beat deployment through the Station House Diary

The beat system was serviced within a beat area of the police station jurisdiction, by deploying beat constable with written instruction in the beat book. The beat book contains the list of the beat points along with the address detail and contact no if any. The Beat constable carries this beat book during the service of the beat, affixes the date and time of visit and his signatures. Also the officer inspection during their night rounds would affix their signatures whenever such beat constables are met in the beat area. The beat constables come back to the police station and report back any incidence and facts related crime prevention and detection.

A new system of beat service was adopted on pilot basis with an aim to introduce technology and in turn better accountability and efficiency. The new system called the E-Beat system comprised of the following components:

1. RFID Tag Radio frequency Identification tag used in place of Point Book
2. RFID Reader Tag reader used instead of the Beat Book
3. Charger Cum Downloader - used to charge the reader and also to download the visited tag Ids
4. E-beat Application - used to manage the beat deployment.

The new beat system uses radio frequency based technology to perform beat service, wherein in place of the Point books in the Beat area, RFID tag is installed; the RFID tag contains a microchip with a unique identifier stored on it. This unique identifier can only be read using a RFID reader which operates at a similar frequency. The information regarding the beat constables performing the beat, the beat no to which it should be used for beat service, the beat point locations to be visited is fed into it before assigning it to the beat constable and deployed. The beat constables carry the reader to the beat, read the unique ids from the beat point location, complete the beat and return back the reader to the Station House Officer with a detailed report along with it. The SHO will download the contents from the reader which is basically the date and time of visit to a beat point along with name and designation of the person who visited the beat points.

The system ensures physical presence of the police personnel on beat which itself is a deterrent for unlawful activities. Also the system keeps track of manpower utilization and assists the SHO to devising strategies for crime prevention and monitoring of human resources. The e-beat application provides various reports which assist the SHO in keeping track of the offences and correlate with the beat performance and crime occurrence.

The above system initially implemented in five police stations of the Bangalore city. After thorough testing and implementing of the requirements proposed via feedback, the system was put in place during 2004-05 at all police stations of Bangalore city, subsequently in Mysore city and Hubli-Dharwad city. Later it was adopted in the remaining districts.

The beat system provides flexibility of providing various options to performing beat service, some as listed below:

1. Night beats
2. Day beats
3. Nuisance beats
4. Good morning beats
5. Festival beats
6. Village beats

The system also provides for communication of the reports regarding beat service on any particular day, or for a period of time. Also the printout can be generated beat point wise and given to the public on demand ensuring transparency.

The RFID tag are all weather proof, which can be embedded within the cement plastering of wall., wooden doors, gates etc which remove the drudgery of replacing point books again and again. It also removes fudging of the records by the beat constable. Once installed, these tags can perform as long as the structure on which it is installed exists. The tags are all passive hence no recurring expenditure is required by way of power consumptions.

CCTNS+

Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems (CCTNS)

Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems (CCTNS) is a plan scheme conceived in the light of experience of a non-plan scheme namely - Common Integrated Police Application (CIPA). CCTNS is a Mission Mode Project under the National e-Governance Pan of Govt of India. CCTNS aims at creating a comprehensive and integrated system for enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of policing through adopting of principle of e-Governance and creation of a nationwide networking infrastructure for evolution of IT-enabled-state-of-the-art tracking system around 'Investigation of crime and detection of criminals'. An allocation of Rs. 2000 crores has been made for CCTNS Project. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved the project on 19.06.2009. Expression of Interest (EOS) has been invited from the Software developers by 17.08.2009. We are in the process of finalizing an MoU between NCRB on behalf of Government of India and the Software Developing Agency.


Objectives of 'CCTNS'

The objectives of the Scheme can broadly be listed as follows:
1. Make the Police functioning citizen friendly and more transparent by automating the functioning of Police Stations.
2. Improve delivery of citizen-centric services through effective usage of ICT.
3. Provide the Investigating Officers of the Civil Police with tools, technology and information to facilitate investigation of crime and detection of criminals.
4. Improve Police functioning in various other areas such as Law and Order, Traffic Management etc.
5. Facilitate Interaction and sharing of Information among Police Stations, Districts, State/UT headquarters and other Police Agencies.
6. Assist senior Police Officers in better management of Police Force
7. Keep track of the progress of Cases, including in Courts
8. Reduce manual and redundant Records keeping


Under the CCTNS Project, approx. 14,000 Police Stations throughout the country has been proposed to be automated beside 6000 higher offices in police hierarchy e.g. Circles, Sub-Divisions, Districts, Range, Zones, Police Headquarters, SCRB including scientific and technical organizations having databases required for providing assistance and information for investigation and other purposes e.g. Finger Print Bureau, Forensic Labs etc. by 2012.

BTRAC+

BTRAC 2010 - Surveillance Cameras

A Video Traffic Surveillance and monitoring system was commissioned in Bangalore City to enable better:
• Traffic Management
• Law & Order
• Management of the special event like public gatherings, processions etc.
• Incident Management
• Information dissemination to road users
The system collects real time video from the specified locations by using Pan Tilt Zoom (PTZ) camera system transmitting these to the Traffic Control Center through a IP network. The system therefore comprises of outstation equipment installed at the various location in Bangalore city and complementing equipments installed at the Traffic Management Center.


Highlights :

Surveillance Camera collects real time video from the specified locations by using Pan Tilt Zoom (PTZ) dome camera system and transmits the image to the Traffic Control Center through an IP network.

BTRAC 2010 - Enforcement Cameras

Objectives:-
A. Red speed enforcement camera click photos of motorists who jump traffic signals or cross stopline or exceed speed limit.
B. Violators are sent challans through Automation Enforcement Center within 7 days.


List of Enforcement Cameras:-

1. Hosur road - near Koodlu Gate towards Bangalore City
2. Hosur road - near Koodlu Gate towards Hosur
3. Mysore road - R.V. Engineering College junction
4. BSF - Bangalore International Airport Road
5. Canadinan Public School (International Airport Road)

BLACKBERRY+

Enforcement through Blackberries

Bangalore police have been given 612 Blackberrys and wireless printers to traffic sub-inspectors and inspectors.

The Bangalore city police (PSIs and above) have been trained on how to use these Blackberry.

Advantages:

• On the spot fine collection and receipt
• Cases booked are stored in the server and repeated offenders can be identified
• For those who can not pay spot fines notices are issued and the details are put up on the servers
• Registration database from transport department linked up to Automated Enforcement Centre
• Licence database is to be obtained


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